5 Tips for Better Flying Maneuvers
In todays Flight Training Radio Show. Jason shares with you his 5 BIG tips for better flight maneuvers.
News & Notes
The biggest news of the day is something I want to wish you guys and that is a Happy National Aviation Day. Back in 1939 President Franklin Roosevelt declared August 19th as National Aviation Day. Which just so happens coincide with Wright’s actual Birthday. So pretty cool. Today is National Aviation Day. I’ve seen a lot of you guys posting stuff in facebook and twitter. By the way you and I can communicate LIVE if you have facebook and twitter. If you have any questions and comments. Listen the folks of FAA and AOPA and everybody are up there. Out actually out there celebrating National Aviation Day. It looks like it might be raining there right now but still never put dam on National Aviation Day. This is Pilot’s Inner Circle LIVE on Flight Training Radio where members Pilot’s Inner Circle and Online Ground School Members earn FAA wings credits just by listening to this very radio program. You are listening to right now. Learn more in becoming a mem ber by going to pilotsinnercircle.com
Let’s cut the chase guys. What I want to chat to you today. I want to share with you guys 5 Tips for better Flight Maneuvers. You know I realize I got a great video on Slow flight coming out tomorrow. You know I’m realizing that a lot of you. After having done this FAA written test boot camp. I mean your goal is “okay, written test are done.” Now let’s this checkride done before the end of the year. And I realized everybody starting from the written test mode now into checkride mode. I mean it’s maybe getting a private pilot or prior new year’s resolution. You know it’s late August about to be September here. I mean believe it or not. It get down to crunch time. To get that certificate done. Get done checkride schedule. Any checkride examiner will tell you. The end of the year is their busiest time because everybody is trying to get it done. Now before the holidays everything else come up. Holidays talking things. Getting christmas sort of stuff. Once that happens. It’s real tough to get some flying. But you know how to get that sort of stuff done. Get that New year’s resolution and everything else. So we are kind of moving to checkride mode. What I want to share with you was 5 Tips for better Flight Maneuvers. Not only for yourself but on that big day. When you actually doing your checkride. Will it be private or instrument or commercial. Any checkride doesn’t matter. Maybe you already passed your checkride but still some great tips to know. And to make it share with others. So that’s what I want to do today guys.
1. To know why; Why are we practicing the Maneuver.
You know early on my flight training. When I was learning to fly. I just didn’t get it. With that I mean. I knew we were practicing slow flight and steep turns. Especially slow flight but I didn’t know why. And it wasn’t until I knew why we did slow flight. Why we did steep turns that I became certainly better as a private pilot. It make sense to me. I asked a lot of questions that’s how I learn anything. And one of the questions I have asked is “We are doing slow flight one day and I’m sitting there. It’s hot. It’s summertime in Florida. I wasn’t enjoying it. When you are pitch up that high. It even gets hotter cause that air is just not flown like it was. Believe it or not very early on my flying I have fairly weak stomach. Never actually vomited or anything like that but I just have a very weak stomach early on in aviation.
You know? Slow flight . It isn’t my thing. I remember I asked my Instructor. Why on earth want to get the airplane this slow. Finally, she said something. Still teaching my student and she said Jason right before the airplane touches down. What do you think you’re doing? Well, I am landing the airplane. What do you mean? She said No. Effectively in slow flight in that point. Right before those wheels touch the ground. When you enter to that transition area in the ground effect. You are in slow flight. That’s why you practice slow flight. You can get better and controlling this aircraft at slower speeds. When she said that I said “Slow flight, this maneuver I am doing way up here; 3500 feet is somehow gonna help me with my landings.” Okay I could correlate that; I can apply it.
You know? When I learn that we practice stalls to practice recoveries. Not to practice how to get to a stall. There’s something else I struggle with. I used to think “Why on earth would anyone practice to have a stall?” It just doesn’t make sense to me. I don’t wanna stall an airplane. Why I’m practicing it? We don’t practice stall and learn how to stall. We want to avoid stalls. We practice stall to practice recoveries. From stalls just in case. Whenever we find ourselves in that situation. So to know why you’re even practicing the maneuver.
Ground reference maneuvers is another one for me. Again, it’s hot in Florida. I like flying higher because it’s cooler. Doing turns round up point, Student pilot. You’re already obnoxious down low. Having air outside looking inside. Moving your head all around. It’s hot out and you may turn around this point. Okay, it doesn’t make sense to me. Still I realize we are not doing this just to make you obnoxious. We are doing this so you could learn How to wind is affecting your ground track. As Larry chime in here in the comment and said the practicality of the maneuver. Again, why do we do this maneuver? Well we do ground reference maneuvers to see how having a tail wind, having a head wind, having a cross wind affects our ground track. So next time we go out to that traffic pattern and we are on downwind and we wonder “Man, this down wind is awfully tight. What happen?” We’ll, get a cross wind. It was blowing you back towards that actual runway. So learning this sort of stuff. What is the practical means of the situation? What are we practicing this? Each of every maneuver has a reasons and has a purpose behind it. And it’s important. Do you know why you are even doing it? So you know what aspects of your flying it’s actually helping. So that’s number. To know why you are even practicing a maneuver.
2. You know guys I am the biggest advocate of SIM flying. It is the cheapest flying that you can do. Sitting back in your big lazy boy chair. Closing your eyes and just picture in every flight maneuver. Here I am setting up for slow flight. And the clean configuration. I’ve done my clearing terms and everythings good. I’m at level flight. Everything’s good. Turn my car key on. Slowly bring my power back. Remember I am pitcing for airspeed power and altitude. I’m slowly bring that nose up. Watch up that airspeed decreases. If I notice decrease in altitude and I’m gonna add power. If I notice I climbed too much. I’m gonna take out some power. Nosinh my Aileron’s are getting. less and less effective. So I’m getting back on those rubber pedals. As I’m adding a little bit of power cause I know I’m sinking a little bit to hold that high angle of attack. Well add a little bit of right rather than compensate that P factor. And again, guys what I’m doing right now is Chair flying with you. I am just working through a flight maneuver. Everything I would do. Every situation that comes up what I would do in that circumstance. Chair fly everything. Those of you have downloaded the Secret to Perfect Landings. No, I’m a big advocate of chair flying landings. Chair flying your traffic patterns. Visualizing, working your way all the way through those landing procedures. Cause it’s just important. Chair fly this sort of stuff. I mean it is so important that you learn this stuff. And all these; everything I am sharing with you. Comes down to one thing. You got to realize. All these five steps I am sharing with you. All can be done on the ground. Because an hour in the ground saves you two hours in the air. The same goes for your wallet as well. Because it’s much cheaper to chair fly sitting in your lazy boy. You know? Visualizing that flight than it is to go out there and have your flight instructor show you the exact same thing. Trust me, cause we need to go out there and have your flight instructor show you the proper way. Once you got that proper way burn into your brain my friends. It’s important that you chair fly. Have all that stuff down and know it all on the ground ahead of time.
3. Is to fly it both the maneuvers.
Fly the maneuver once under the hood. And fly it once visually only. Here’s what I mean. Let’s steep turns for example. When I find students who are struggling in steep turns. There is one or the other. There either VFR or IFR on me. Most of them like to think they are IFR pilots even they are only 10 hour VFR pilots. Then the flying instructors out there listening can attached to this that you ask the students to do steep turns and they are just remained glued to their instruments that whole turn. And you say “Listen, what kind of VFR pilot here. You don’t need to look at those instruments inside. You can cross reference them but you should looking outside slicing that nose across the horizons is the exact expression I used time and time again. So what I do a lot of times I grab a sectional chart. And literally hold it across the entire instrument panel. All they have access to is the yolk and looking outside the windshield. And I say “okay, You see that town out there or that lake or that cloud or whatever it is.” That’s what we started. We know roughly without to start at. I want you to show me a steep turn to the left. And 99% of the time guys. They knock it out within PTS. It’s something just getting your eyes out inside that cockpit. When you find if you find what you looking inside too much in your VFR private or commercial pilot flight maneuvers. I challenged you to have somebody cover your instruments. And fly that maneuver. Now the opposite is true as well. Some people the IFR guys need to learn how interpret these instruments better. So I encourage you guys. One step turn just visually outside. And do the next one under the hood. Flight instructors put your students under the hood and say “Now you do that steep turn.” Now you can see both ends of the spectrum. Now you know what you are looking for. The most common problem which private pilots looking inside too much. Isnt’ the looking inside too much part. In fact I appreciate a great private pilot who can properly manage there. Eyes outside and inside the cockpit. It’s when thy glued inside or have a problem and why do they get glued inside? They glued inside because they don’t know what they’re looking at. Because they don’t know what they’re reading. Because they don’t what they’re interpreting. So it’s taking so much longer to digest what actually happening that they are falling behind the airplane. Things start realize things like our vertical speed indicator could have up to 8 seconds of wag. You have that 8 seconds of wag. On top of the student pilot and that downward 500 ft per minute. Trend is gonna happen for the last 30 seconds. They’re just now counting it. Well, I suggest you looking outside. Light center in across in the horizons. That would’ve never been a problem. So this is why I have students do it out visually outside. Also I’ve do it under the hood as well. And explain to them and “hey look, alright our airspeed speeding up. Airspeed five knots times faster when we started. What do you think that means? Well, probably a nose up attitude. Well, let’s look. Oh let’s cross. Oh yeah our altitudes decreasing. Look the vertical speed. Just showed a decrease descent. Cordially put things together. Learning how to read those instruments is so important. So that’s why students glued inside so often. It’s because they just don’t know what they’re reading. And you know you should be looking outside but they’re taking so long to digest that information in the instrument panel that they glued inside.
4. Get some Sim. time
You guys know I’m a big advocate of using a flight simulator. As long as it’s within the perimeters. I’m not saying go out there doing crazy maneuvers. Let’s fly a Lear Jet. And do low passes. That’s not the purpose of the Sim. It becomes a video at that point. But those of you who use a sim. Whether be a home based flight simulator or a true red bird simulator and use it properly. You know guys are miles and miles ahead of what actually happen out there. Get sometime practice flight maneuvers. This is a great way guys to use those instrument skills that you are trying to perfect. A great chance to scan those instruments. You’ve gol a lot of times sims don’t give you the best visual representation. Sims are great tools for practice the instrument scans. You’re finding and you have problem deciphering and scannings those instruments. Maybe you get sim time is the right way to do it. Make it means going to your flight school and checking out what kind of sims they offer. Listen, you can get just a lot done and having a simple copy of Xplane of Microsoft Simulator and just a basic flight yolk. You know can be huge in a situation like that. Get some sim time. By the way guys if you have any questions. Hit me up on facebook.com/mzero or twitter.com/mzeroa
I am more hapy to take all those questions.
5. Every Flight you have to have a post flight evaluation
A problem I have early on is this. We would schedule our flight. I would show up. I wouldn’t even see my instructors usually. I would grab the keys from the dispatch. I would go out in the airplane and preflight it. My instructor would walk out. Ask me if everythings good and we hop in the airplane. I had no clue of what we are doing that day. Sometimes I don’t have clue what we are doing until we are ready to take off. And I said “okay.” Which way do we take off to. We gonna take of in the south practice area. We are gonna do slow flight today. I run to it totally blind. Post flight, we land and everything’s good. Usually what would happen is I walk over to the dispatcher, the secretary or whatever they call it. Paper by flight where my instructor had my log book. She would signed it and I would talk with between her and the secretary and figure out what time works well in the next flight and that was that. I was off and proceed to my next flight. Just because I didn’t know any better. That’s what I thought just every flight school was and how it all happen. But guys if you’re not getting a post flight evaluation. By that I mean your instructor should be sitting down with you. And say “Hey, Jason. Today it’s slow flight and steep turn. Let’s just recap the flight. Let’s take 15 minutes and recap the flight.” So your slow flight was really good. You got the clean slow flight really well. You did a few little turns. A transition of dirty slow flight. You got to remember that we have those flats in. And the aircrafts can see the balloon up. Recap everything. Yes the instructor may say those things in the cockpit but you and I both know when you are flying as a student pilots You got a lot more in your mind that sometimes what your instructor is actually saying. A little tid bits which may be just the perfect golden nuggets than you need to have it all to make sense. You’ve got so much going on that you just can’t multi-task any further. It’s just too much. So having a post flight evaluation is so important. Not only to recap the flights and recap those flight maneuvers. What you could have done better but to talk about what you are getting next. With all my students tip down with them. And say “Okay, Larry you did great on this video. This and this. Awesome. Hey, next flight we are going to do steep turns slow flight and stalls.” We’re going to comeback in some soft field landings. So do make sure you go out. Study up on slow flight steep turns stalls and soft field landings. Now that student can go home. Recap their flight on their head. And from there say ?Okay, next lesson.” That’s what we’re doing. I’m gonna go out and study that. So when I show up to the airport. I already what’s happening. I’ve already brief my maneuvers. All going back to the premise of hour of ground work. Since 2 hours in the air. It’s just that simple guys. It’s just that you have to be having some sort of post flight evaluation. If not ask your instructor do it. You know it’s just that important guys. I do a preflight evaluation and post flight evaluation each and every student. Most don’t even last 5 to 10 minutes. I just want to chit chat what you gonna do? How you do it and what are we going to do next? That’s all I wanna cover. If you have any questions.
What can I do better next time? What I did great in my slow flight? What I needs to improvement in my slow flight? Search and ask for that constructive criticism. You’ve got to get your full money’s worth out. Flying is not cheap. You have to get your money’s worth. In the preflight and postflight evaluation is part of that.
Larry chime in and shared that here’s the sporty suction cups. It sell this little round suction cups. Literally they cover up the instruments to simulate partial panel stuff. Simulates vacuum system failure. Covering my ads indicator and my DG. I just grab the whole sectional chart spread the cross and hold make it work but certainly a great way for these guys to learn how to look outside. You know that is the hardest part for a lot of these people. A lot of these students is just learning the site picture. Burning that site picture into their brain is what I effectively caught. You’ve got to remember guys. You are trained to be a VFR pilot effectively. Similarly instrument guys out there. My commercial guys. You work on the VFR certificate. It’s so important to get those eyes out of the cockpit. For the IFR guys. You are training to fly instruments. It’s so important. You know how to properly scan those instruments. Not only scan them but learn how to digest them. Most importantly take it all in. That is where the money is at. And that is where it becomes so important. Hopefully it helps you guys. And ground school members we are having a great webinar plan tonight on Reading PIREPs and . I am really excited to share with you guys. If you are not a ground school member. I’d love for you to become one. I am sure you guys love being one. You can learn more by visiting Pilotsinnercircle.com to check that out. Will take advantage of Pass your checkride or We’ll pay for it. Guarantee. So with that guys. I’ll be speaking more with you this evening. Enjoy the rest of your monday! And most importantly remember that a good pilot is always learning. Have a great day guys! See ya!